The Art of War in the 21st Century

[This turnaround happened mostly thanks to CHAOS—a strategy of intermittent, unannounced strikes; as Nelson explained in a Jacobin interview, the basic thinking behind CHAOS is that “the strike is going to take any form and we are not going to give you any warning.” CHAOS is terrifying to management, and brutally effective; Alaska Airlines was so shaken by the tactic and so intimidated by the AFA-CWA bargaining committee that bosses settled the contract via fax—and inadvertently gave flight attendants a massive raise in the process.] [1]

[1] Sara Nelson’s Art of War – https://newrepublic.com/article/153797/sara-nelsons-art-war

This idea of CHAOS is an idea that I had formed over a decade ago, not having heard of this strategy, by the ASFA-CWA. In my terms having researched network modals, network stability & network phase changes, through my research on Complex Adaptive Systems [2].. Any organization is a network of relationships, some of which are fiscal. Identify the primary nodes or sub-networks (micro-networks) that connect the network together and craft a strategy of disruption to influence those primary network nodes and cause failures.

The best way to ‘combat’ a network is through the overloading of its capabilities & capacities. I termed this a strategy of network overcapacitation. There are two approaches that should be addressed together, which could be termed 1) event spiking & 2) network reduction.

Event Spiking (1) – The first approach is to increase the number of events. An example regarding the struggle against cash bonds and pretrial incarceration, as the system of justice affects the poor grievously. The strategy of event spikes in this context means as the number of people who request a jury trial increases it over-capacitizes the scheduling system and increases the number of pre-trial inmates to overcapacitize the jails.

Network Reduction (2) – The second approach is to reduce the network density. This is the strategy chosen by the Flight Attendants. By having recurring bouts of sick-calls, the network gets limited in how much capacity they can handle. The random nature of when these events may occur, adds to the system failing in scheduling activities.

Non-Violent Social Warfare (NVSW) – Traffic jams are a way to overcapacitize the road network, for instance accidents at critical nodes for the logistics of an industry would increase Time To Deliver. This is the target of NVSW! How to generate macro scope challenges with synchronized micro actions. I view this all as non-violent social warfare.

The coming target of this approach & strategy is the healthcare industry. How can we generate a macro scoped event in the national healthcare network? How might we overcapacitize the health insurance industry? How about the medical billing network? And hospitals overcharging? And let us not forget about the pharmaceutical industry! CHAOS!

Another facet of network stability is that any flow network, such as electricity or petrochemical or trucking logistics or airports or healthcare, they all have two network layers, joined at the hips: the flow network layer & the control network layer. Every network has a control layer. There is the actual flow network layer itself, that materially moves work items through the network system and then there is always a control network layer that manages scheduling and routing decisions in the underlying flow network layer. Therefore, the subjects of interest in any network are the critical nodes in the control network layer. Overcapacitization of the flow network affects the control network. Overcapacitization of the control network layer generates those macro failure events we are looking for.

So what sort of macro events in the control layer are of interest & achievable? If you have a strategy that repeatably and randomly activates the Emergency Management network phase mode, the network will start to degrade. This is especially true if the consistent activation of Emergency Management starts to cause exhaustion of the critical nodes involved in Emergency Management, then Emergency Management itself will become overcapacitized. Acting repeatably to phase change a network into Emergency Management mode, will over time cause network exhaustion and that will be the macro failure we are looking to generate.

All of this network warfare fits modern military doctrine through Computer Network Operations and Network Warfare Operations [3], although the military has restricted those definitions to be computer-centric. What we are discussing here is logistical network warfare, targeting any flow network that moves work items through different states til completion. The concepts are the same. Below are some definitions (NetA, NetD & NS), just bear in mind that these can apply to more types of networks than just computer networks.

Network attack (NetA) is employment of network-based capabilities to destroy, disrupt, corrupt, or usurp information resident in or transiting through networks. Networks include telephony and data services networks.

Network defense (NetD) is employment of network-based capabilities to defend friendly information resident in or transiting through networks against adversary efforts to destroy, disrupt, corrupt, or usurp it.

Network warfare support (NS) is the collection and production of network related data for immediate decisions involving NW Ops. NS is critical to NetA and NetD actions to find, fix, track, and assess both adversaries and friendly sources of access and vulnerability for the purpose of immediate defense, threat prediction and recognition, targeting, access and technique development, planning, and execution in NW Ops.

[Nelson continues, getting into the meat of her explanation of why women have emerged as the most effective leaders of today’s labor movement—and why flight attendants now find themselves on the organizing vanguard. “It’s now finally the day when we get to not just say that we have each other’s back, but that we can call upon the broader social discussion to say, ‘We’re not going to accept that as a society. No, we’re going to say that every woman and man is a feminist.’ And if we can hear each other’s stories, then it’s more likely that we’re going to find our common ground, and if we find our common ground, that is where our power lies, and that is where the change is effected. And that’s why I believe that women are going to lead the revitalizing of the labor movement.”]

Yes, I have long thought that women will come to govern the power structures and institutions of our nation. They can out-organize the men and the male power structure. That is called the OODA loop [4]. Women have organizational leverage!

[1] Sara Nelson’s Art of War – https://newrepublic.com/article/153797/sara-nelsons-art-war
[2] Complex Adaptive Systems – https://www.santafe.edu/…/innovation-in-complex-adaptive-sy…
[3] Computer Network Operations and Network Warfare Operations – http://www.au.af.mil/info-ops/netops.htm
[4] The Ultimate Guide to the OODA Loop – https://taylorpearson.me/ooda-loop/

How to take over your town: the inside story of a local revolution

Here is the story [1] of a local uprising, ignoring traditional party boundaries and infighting, to take over the local political tier of governments, the town and parish councils. How will this local revolution affect control in higher levels of government. It remains to be seen, but this local revolution is seeing a transformation of getting the business done. They are responsive and participatory with the local citizenry. They may well be open to a change in the political economy, sealing the revolution for the future.

This is the sort of local revolution I am talking about in the category “Political Revolutionism”. Transform the local political scene to be efficient and accomplished. Solve the local problems in unique ways that ignore the traditional political party boundaries. The party system is what is creating such a mash-up of getting the business done. Go BIG or go home!

Buckfastleigh is not alone. This kind of local uprising has started to occur all over the country. At the May local elections in England, one of the most noticeable changes was the huge increase in the number of independent councillors elected to local authorities, whose numbers increased nearly threefold. Tangled up in that is the proliferation of organised groups, such as BIG, that reject traditional party labels and seek control of the lowest tier of government – town and parish councils – where creative possibilities have tended to be lost in a sea of protocol and tradition.

The article goes on to write about the town of Frome, who seem to have started this movement. They even published a How-To book [2], Flatpack Democracy: A DIY Guide to Creating Independent Politics
by Peter Macfadyen.

Macfadyen reckons there are between 15 and 20 town and parish councils being run along the lines of the Frome model, “with a non-confrontational way of working and a participatory approach to democracy”.

As with all the independents I meet, they insist that orthodox party divides have no relevance to politics at the most local level.

[1] How to take over your town: the inside story of a local revolution – https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/jun/12/how-to-take-over-your-town-the-inside-story-of-a-local-revolution?utm_source=pocket-newtab
[2] Flatpack Democracy: A DIY Guide to Creating Independent Politics
by Peter Macfadyen – https://www.flatpackdemocracy.co.uk/thebook/

Sermon: God’s mercy towards those with unhealthy consumption

Here is a Sermon on Gods mercy toward unhealthy consumpton, written by myself several years ago (2015).

Especially regarding marijuana, we can look to Jeremiah 30:13

There is none to plead thy cause, that thou mayest be bound up: thou hast no healing medicines.

The “healing medicines” spoken of by Jeremiah is Marijuana, a healing medicine.

Hegel’s History of I and We

"What generosity? The question we must ask is What kind of society are we building for ourselves? What kind of society do we envision for our collective efforts?"

From this article title “The Spirit of History?”, by Terry Pinkard [1], he describes the views of Hegel, in the philosophy of history. He writes of Hegel’s “three fundamental ideas”:

  • First, the key to human agency is self-consciousness.
  • However, even our often more distanced reflective self-consciousness is itself only a further realisation of the deeper and distinctly Hegelian self-relation: all consciousness is self-consciousness.
  • Secondly, Hegel thought that self-consciousness is always a matter of locating ourselves in a kind of social space of ‘I’ and ‘we’. Saying ‘I’ or saying ‘we’ is just speaking from one of two sides of the same dialectical coin. In many cases, ‘we’ seems to add up to lots of instances of ‘I think’ or ‘I do’, but in its most fundamental sense ‘we’ is just as basic as ‘I’. Each individual self-consciousness is fundamentally social. The generality of the ‘we’ manifests itself in the individual acts of each of us, but ‘we’ is itself nothing apart from the individual acts of singular flesh-and-blood agents. When I know what it is that I am doing, I am also aware that what ‘I’ am doing is, so to speak, the way ‘we’ do it.
  • It is a mistake to think that one side of the coin is more important: ‘I’ is not merely a point without further content absorbed completely within a social space (a ‘we’), nor is ‘we’, the social space, merely the addition of lots of individual ‘I’s. Without practitioners, there is no practice; without the practice, there are no practitioners.
  • Third, for humans, just as with any species, there are ways in which things can go better or worse for individuals within the species. Trees without the right soil do not flourish as the trees they could be; wolves without the right environmental range cannot become the wolves they could be. Similarly, self-conscious humans build familial, social, cultural and political environments that make it possible to become new, different and better versions of ourselves. But what we can make of ourselves depends on where we are in history.

In this sense of “two sides of the same dialectical coin”, are the concepts of “I” and “We”.

Now to the political in the modern era, this country proclaiming its valourious dedication to political freedom, we in the United States have learned to proclaim the rights of the individual. However, as early as the Pilgrims landing or a colony at Jamestown, these we immigrant groups, bound together with similar philosophies defining the group. This country was settled by “We”.

As with the rights of the individual, as expressly declared in our Declaration of Independence (corrected to John Locke’s original conceptualization in our Fourteenth Amendment) of the Rights to Life, Liberty and Property, we also proclaim the rights of the group, the “We”. As refined from the Declaration to our Amendments, from the First Amendment and the Right to Assemble we see the rights of the group. As well, the freedom of religion allows for Churches of various faiths and eschatology, each of which forms a group. The aspect of States Rights, recognizes that smaller groups in the minority as writ large, across our Land, may have a local majority as set forth the rules of conduct therewith.

The efforts to cure the poor of their afflictions are approached as a group doing ministry among the poor and downtrodden. Civic groups encourage business development in local contexts. Other groups have a National presence, but must operate locally. Consider political parties, a group of “We” in which local chapters conduct local operations to gain membership, inform and elect.

The point being that these concepts of “I” and “We”, as “two sides of the same dialectical coin”, each should be celebrated in these United States. The power of agency, dominion and authority are local in nature and so the celebration of individual rights of the “I” are connected to States Rights and Right to Assembly of the “We”. The combination of the power of individualism with the power of community, if enshrined in legislation, will lead to a renaissance of local politics and empower localities the agency, dominion & authority to fix local problems such as drug abuse and homelessness and despair of the working poor, as well as increase markets.

One possible political theory as to how a locality may manage and operate itself goes by the term “Anarcho-syndicalism” [2]. Another good source of modern philosophies as to the capability to thrive in the local context is the works of Abdulla Ocalan, most prominently the idea of “Democratic Confederalism” [3]. He promotes local democratic autonomy.

Living by the dialectic joining of the power of individuals and the power of communities, we would be able to remake society to care for those needy, which is expressly commanded to us by our Lord Christ Jesus.

Generosity on the street? Not much. Consistently, as I go forth in my efforts of Pastorial Care, I speak with many homeless, who fly signs for donations, or walk the streets and ask people for help. Most people, I learn do not give at intersections, nor when passing a man or woman on the street. At least that is the case in my town. Those better-off walking Main Street, I have asked and they do not carry cash with them to help out. Just like in Denver where office workers would come out to smoke but only bring the one cigarette for themselves, no generosity! Men and women spend all day flying a sign and may get Zero donations. It is a tough situation living rough. So I ask, at noticeable volume,

"What generosity? The question we must ask is What kind of society are we building for ourselves? What kind of society do we envision for our collective efforts?"

[1] The Spirit of History? – https://aeon.co/essays/what-is-history-nobody-gave-a-deeper-answer-than-hegel
[2] Anarcho-syndicalism – https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/george-woodcock-what-is-anarcho-syndicalism
[3] Democratic Confederalism – https://libcom.org/library/confederalism-democratic-confederalism-rojava

The Armour of God and the Fruits of the Spirit

Galatians 5:22-23 lists the Fruits of the Spirit. These are principles of behavior and conduct, as determined by mental state.

Ephesians 6:14-17 lists the various elements of the Armour of God, that one should dress themselves with, if only in mental imaginative space. These elements of the Armour of God are attached to self-discipline and spiritual observances, these elements are attached to principles of faith and belief.

When looking at these two listings of moral statements, from the Bible, and then in conjunction with the Yoga Sutras, describing Eight-Limb Ashtanga Yoga [1] one sees a natural connection between the two statements of morality in Yoga, Limbs One and Two, corresponding to The Fruits and the Armour.

The Fruits of the Spirit, aka Yama, Limb One

"But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law."

– Galatians 5:22-23

Fruits of the Spirit

  • Love
  • Joy
  • Peace
  • Longsuffering
  • Gentleness
  • Goodness
  • Faith
  • Meekness
  • Temperance

Yama: The first limb, yama, deals with one’s ethical standards and sense of integrity, focusing on our behavior and how we conduct ourselves in life. Yamas are universal practices that relate best to what we know as the Golden Rule, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.”

The five yamas are:

  • Ahimsa: nonviolence
  • Satya: truthfulness
  • Asteya: nonstealing
  • Brahmacharya: continence
  • Aparigraha: noncovetousness

The Armour of God, aka Niyama, Limb Two.

"Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness; And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:"

– Ephesians 6:14-17

Armour of God

  • Girdle of Truth
  • Breastplate of Righteousness
  • Boots of the Gospel of Peace
  • Shield of Faith
  • Helmet of Salvation
  • Sword of the Spirit

Niyama: Niyama, the second limb, has to do with self-discipline and spiritual observances. Regularly attending temple or church services, saying grace before meals, developing your own personal meditation practices, or making a habit of taking contemplative walks alone are all examples of niyamas in practice.

The five niyamas are:

  • Saucha: cleanliness
  • Samtosa: contentment
  • Tapas: heat; spiritual austerities
  • Svadhyaya: study of the sacred scriptures and of one’s self
  • Isvara pranidhana: surrender to God

[1] Eight-Limb Ashtanga Yoga – https://www.yogajournal.com/practice/the-eight-limbs

Callisto House Leadership Development program

The process of developing a new evolution of leaders, capable of operating their own Callisto Houses, needs to strengthen those areas needed at the heart of accepting responsibility for operating a Callisto House. These areas include the Initiation Development program: consisting of education of the principles of Housing First, Harm Reduction and Non-Violence. As well the Harm Principle will be proselytized to provide a foundation of behavior, never interfere unless harm is being done to others. The beginning of spiritual practices will also be shared, including basic yoga philosophy and practice, including

  • vows of good Conduct & behavior (Yama, Niyama),
  • physical posture (Hatha),
  • beginning breathing techniques (Pranayama):
  1. nostril breathing,
  2. yogic breath (belly breathing),
  3. fire breath,
  4. alternating nostril breathing
  5. and box breathing (Kumbhaka Pranayama).
  • The living space will be cleaned every day, by everyone.

Thoughts of the great internet/DOJ war over the right to privacy during data-in-motion encryption

With the coming ability, in ParrotTalk, to detect initiation of encrypted connection negotiations, among many different protocols, along with the introduction of a redirect message, allows for implementation of a superb encrypted negotiation traffic analyzer. With connection control at the locally scoped naming services, the host domain of internal networks can be searched, managed & monitored.

a) No weakening encryption for the purposes of personal security.

We do not accept either the addition of back-doors or ghost protocols requiring group encryption negotiation, in order to eavesdrop in data-in-motion encryption, as it would result in the weakening of the encryption.

b) public security is limited to network traffffic analysis

We do allow that such a negotiation traffic analyzer, mentioned above, and monitoring of who is communicating with whom is of some value and acceptable state monitoring, by those authorized to monitor the local domain context.

It is the network authority‘s right to information to search & monitor this activity.

PAPAS – Redesigning ParrotTalk as an Automated Protocol Analyzer & Selector…

Through the AgentMap (config), a list of supported protocolNames are specified. In construction of the SessionProtocolSelector, a ProtocolSelectorRegistration with the SessionOperation’s subclass for that protocolName is installed into the Selector. A call and answer ProtocolState is installed into the Selector’s compiled stateMap, within the expectCall and expectAnswer states. As well, the protocol is installed as a selectable protocol through protocolOffered & protocolAccepted messages for explicit ParrotTalk protocol negotiation. The result is installation of the selected protocol sessionOperations into the subjectStack accomplished through either negotiation or the initial sending of initial call/answer message headers.

The last is possible due to ASN1 structure definitions which construct the appropriate header class from the DER encoding. So the appropriate header will be distinguishable between different protocol versions. As such, within the version history of ParrotTalk headers, due to the frame specification of ParrotTalk, each protocol can be determined & will setup the stack with that protocol’s sessionOperations, starting in the correct initial state to reprocess the frame that resulted in that protocol’s installation, so the rendezvous will proceed, for that version of the protocol.

Thought has been given to the other area of discrimination, which is the FrameBuffer. That includes an assumption about frame specification and is currently only supporting ParrotTalk frames. With full implementations of SSL (TLS v1.2) [1] and SSH [2], with its required Telnet [3] package, initially ported onto ParrotTalk’s [4] framework, in Squeak’s Cryptography project, a FrameAnalyzer may be able to be defined to automatically detect frame specifications for a given incoming frame and choose non-ParrotTalk frames and the associated SessionOperations.

From the package comment for ParrotTalk-rww.31 :::

I ported initial attempts to subclass an important stateMachine, from
each of SSL and SSH, to be rooted at ParrotTalk’s SessionOperations.
More work is needed, including defining active frameSpecifications that can detect appropriate frames for these new Protocols, in a new
FrameAnalyzer, to be used by the new SessionProtocolSelector. I
renamed the ParrotTalk SessionOperations. The current hierarchy of
SessionOperations as follows:

SessionOperations…
– ParrotTalkSessionOperations_v3_8
– ParrotTalkSessionOperations_v3_7
– ParrotTalkSessionOperations_v3_6
– SSLHandshakeStateMachine
– SSHTransportHandshakeStateMachine

and hence distinguish Protocol SessionOperations subclasses :::

  • ParrotTalkSessionOperations_v3_8
  • ParrotTalkSessionOperations_v3_7
  • ParrotTalkSessionOperations_v3_6
  • SSL_TLS_1_2
  • SSL_TLS_v1_3
  • SSH
  • Signal

That would be a powerful capability.

In thinking further about the current state of affairs, it would be a powerful addition to define a SignalSessionOperations and detect&read Signal [5] frames/messages.

For Squeak/Pharo…

[1] SSL – http://www.squeaksource.com/Cryptography/SSL-rww.20.mcz
[2] SSH – http://www.squeaksource.com/Cryptography/SSH-rww.13.mcz
[3] Telnet – http://www.squeaksource.com/Cryptography/Telnet-rww.105.mcz
[4] ParrotTalk – http://www.squeaksource.com/Cryptography/ParrotTalk-rww.31.mcz
[5] libsignal-protocol-java – https://github.com/signalapp/libsignal-protocol-java

Browse Oceanside or Cryptography, for latest developments.

The logic behind ParrotTalk

Problem Space

Per the recent C4ISR Conference (https://c4isrconf.com/) the problem is how to link thousands of connections in a military communications network, that needs reliable, simple encryption? [1][2][3][4][5] Foremost in mind is the requirement that this be integrated and operational in Combined Arms, Joint and Coalition contexts. When the concept of identity is baked into the protocol, we loose an ability to evolve solutions. So part of the problem is adaptability and a design that supports experimentation. We need a layered solution that can be modified in Cyber time-frames.

To meet these needs a standard & extensible framework for encrypted communications is absolutely necessary. I would introduce ParrotTalk as an inviting solution.


ParrotTalk as a solution

ParrotTalk is a minimal protocol for establishing a secured link between two computers. It allows for user-defined cipher and encoder. It exchanges Diffie-Hellman parameters with 2048-bit primes/generator to determine the shared key. It uses 2048-bit RSA Public/Private keys only for the purpose of signing the message traffic for Authentication, avoiding issues with RSA Certificate encryption which has been shown to be vulnerable. There are no Certificates, so there is no Certificate Management. It meets the minimal, capable requirements to establish an encrypted connection. Small in scope, wide in applicability.

We deferred the issue of identity verification to a software management layer above the secure connections. This provides a pathway to evolution and experimentation in identity management. The result of this decision implies various things about the encryption layer. It should be the simplest, most-minimal protocol negotiation that can be achieved. It should have the flexibility to specify cipher and encoding.

It must have the ability to encrypt end-to-end, between users (automated or actual). This implies the requirement to have double encryption: a capability to encrypt between computers and also encrypt a layer above over a route of links of computer connections. So we can manage routing, as well as deal with NATs and firewalls protecting internal networks. That would require a naming service and a coordinated bridging service, to bridge links. So we need a doubly layered encryption mechanism. With naming we need an identity solution.

However, the capability to negotiate a second higher layer encryption is missing in ParrotTalk, though the pieces to do so are there. As ParrotTalk was designed carefully to offer building blocks of a componentized, composable, reconfigurable manufacturing design nature, such a second layer of encryption can be realized with this framework. The existence of a naming service and a bridging service are absent. The identity is not present.

View 3 message specification for ParrotTalk-v3.7 Protocol.
Browse the Java code for ParrotTalk.
Browse the Squeak/Pharo code for ParrotTalk.

Given the shortcomings, more development is needed to meet all the objectives in the Problem Space. However, what exists is a simply designed, highly adjustable protocol that could fill the need to have an encryption standard across countries, branches and units. It is flexible enough to sustain evolutionary requirements. It may be able to support TLS-v1.2 and SSH. With such a capability it is an obvious framework for doing automated encrypted traffic analysis.

[1] If the Army doesn’t get the network right, is everything else a wasted effort?

[2] The Army wants a singular focus, not one-off solutions

[3] Can the Army innovate on a traditional budget?

[4] The Navy and the need for interoperability in the fleet

[5] Army cannot rely on the cloud at the end of the spectrum



Esoteric Christianity & Breath Meditation

Breath Meditation

This article explores the concept of Breath Meditation, in the Bible. A background of a particular type of breath meditation is offered, namely breath retention [1] or box breathing [2], as used by Navy SEALS [3], or kumbhaka pranayama [4] from the practices of Yoga. Biblical verse that supports these practices are referenced and the case is made that the esoteric mysteries of Christianity are accessible through the practice of breath retention meditation, as described in Hindi Scripture.

In the Bible, this breath retention is spoken of regarding one’s tongue cleaving to the roof of one’s mouth.

“ If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy.” – Psalm 137:6 [5]

“And I will make thy tongue cleave to the roof of thy mouth, that thou shalt be dumb, and shalt not be to them a reprover: for they are a rebellious house.” – Ezekiel 3:26 [6]

“Thus saith the Lord GOD unto these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live: And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the LORD . So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone. And when I beheld, lo, the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above: but there was no breath in them. Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord GOD ; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live. So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.” - Ezekiel 37:5-10 [7]

“In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not. There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.” – John 1:4-6 [8]

“Neither is worshipped with men’s hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things;” – Acts 17:25 [9]

“By the breath of God frost is given: and the breadth of the waters is straitened.” – Job 37:10 [10]

From the Bhagavad Gita
“Some others offer the outgoing breath to the incoming breath and the incoming breath to the outgoing breath; in this way checking the flow of both the incoming and outgoing breaths they arduously practice breath control. Others strictly reducing their food intake offer the senses into the life breath.” – Bhagavad Gita 4:29 [11]

And from the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
“The mind is made clear by friendliness towards the happy…(etc., lists the four attitudes to take toward four types of people) . . . Or by expulsion and retention of prana.” – Yoga Sutras 1:33-34 [12]

“Pranayama is to sit in the posture and cut off the flow of the in-breath and the out-breath. The external, internal, and fixating operations, practised in terms of place, time and number, become
long and fine. The fourth pranayama comes when both external and internal fields have been felt into.” – Yoga Sutras 2:49-51 [13]

“Disease, Dullness, Doubt, Carelessness, Sloth, Worldly-mindedness, False notion, Missing the point, and Instability, are the causes of distracting the mind, and they are the obstacles. Pain, Despair, Nervousness, Inspiration, Expiration, are the accompaniments of the causes of distraction.” – Yoga Sutras 2:30-31 [14]

Narrow Gate

The term “narrow gate” or “straight gate” are terms for restricting the airflow in the throat. “Wide is the path to destruction”, so here we see that absent breath control, one lives in destruction and the carnal nature predominates. With breath control, creating the “narrow gate”, the wide gate is avoided. Through conscious control of the Parasympathetic Autonomous Nervous System, a powerful state of spirituality, nay even the Holy Spirit will enter you and bring you into a state of spiritual bliss. Sat-chat-ananda. Thus illuminated the gate to the Lessor Mysteries & Esoteric Initiation into the Noble Family of Christ. Pearls before swine?

Life imparted by God

“And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” – Genesis 2:7

“And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.” – Genesis 1:30

“And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die.” – Genesis 6:17

“And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life.” – Genesis 7:15

“All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died.” – Genesis 7:22

“All the while my breath is in me, and the spirit of God is in my nostrils;” – Job 27:3

“The spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.” – Job 33:4

“Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.” – Psalms 104:30

“Thus saith God the Lord, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:” – Isaiah 42:5

“For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.” – Isaiah 57:16

“So Zedekiah the king sware secretly unto Jeremiah, saying, As the Lord liveth, that made us this soul, I will not put thee to death, neither will I give thee into the hand of these men that seek thy life.” – Jeremiah 38:16

“And after three days and an half the spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.” – Revelation 11:11

Life recalled by his sovereign will

“Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.” – Ecclesiastes 12:7

“And it came to pass after these things, that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick; and his sickness was so sore, that there was no breath left in him.” – 1 Kings 17:17

“If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath; All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.” – Job 34:14-15

“Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.” – Psalms 104:29

“ The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass.” – Isaiah 40:7

An emblem of the Holy Spirit

“Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:” – John 20:21-22

“And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the Lord have spoken it, and performed it, saith the Lord.” – Ezekiel 37:14

God’s creative breath

“By the word of the Lord were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.” – Psalms 33:6

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.” – Genesis 1:2

“By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.” – Job 26:13

“ The spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.” – Job 33:4

God’s enlightening breath

“But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.” – Job 32:8

“But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” – John 14:26

“Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew it unto you.” – John 16:13-15

“All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.” – 2 Timothy 3:16-17

“nowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” – 2 Peter 1:20-21

God’s regenerating breath

“Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the Lord. Thus saith the Lord God unto these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live: And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the Lord. So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone. And when I beheld, lo, the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above: but there was no breath in them. Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord God; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live. So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army. Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts. Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel. And ye shall know that I am the Lord, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves, And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the Lord have spoken it, and performed it, saith the Lord.” – Ezekiel 37:4-14

“Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.” – John 3:5-8

“Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God. For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake.” – 1 Thessalonians 1:4-5

“Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;” – Titus 3:5

God’s empowering breath

“And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.” – Acts 2:1-4

“And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord;” – Isaiah 11:2

“The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;” – Isaiah 61:1

“And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.” – Joel 2:28-29

“Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:” – John 20:21-22

“But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.” – Acts 1:8

God’s destroying breath

“And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:” – 2 Thessalonians 2:8

“Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.” – Exodus 15:10

“And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the Lord, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.” – 2 Samuel 22:16

“Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.” – Psalms 18:15

“By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed.” – Job 4:9

“He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.” – Job 15:30

“But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth: with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.” – Isaiah 11:4

“And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err.” – Isaiah 30:28

“For Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the Lord, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.” – Isaiah 30:33

“Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.” – Isaiah 40:24

“So shall they fear the name of the Lord from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him.” – Isaiah 59:19

“And I will pour out mine indignation upon thee, I will blow against thee in the fire of my wrath, and deliver thee into the hand of brutish men, and skilful to destroy.” – Ezekiel 21:31

Bibliography
1 :: breath retention – https://mindfulminutes.com/how-to-practice-breath-retention/
2 :: box breathing – https://www.healthline.com/health/box-breathing
3 :: SEALFIT box breathing – https://sealfit.com/box-breathing/
4 :: kumbhaka pranayama – https://theyogainstitute.org/full-breath-retention-kumbhaka-pranayama/
5 :: Psalm 137:6 – https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Psalm+137%3A6
6 :: Ezekiel 3:26 – https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Ezekiel+3%3A26
7 :: Ezekiel 37:5-10 – https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Ezekiel+37%3A5-10
8 :: John 1:4-6 – https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+1%3A4-6
9 :: Acts 17:25 – https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+1%3A4-6
10 :: Job 37:10 – https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Job+37%3A10
11 :: Bhagavad Gita 4:29 – http://www.bhagavad-gita.org/Gita/verse-04-29.html
12 :: Yoga Sutras of Patanjali 1:33-34 – http://www.yogasutras.com/On_The_Fourth_Qrackling_Portland_Pranayama.html
13 :: Yoga Sutras of Patanjali 2:49-51 – http://www.yogasutras.com/On_The_Fourth_Qrackling_Portland_Pranayama.html
14 :: Yoga Sutras of Patanjali 2:30-31 – http://www.yogasutras.com/On_The_Fourth_Qrackling_Portland_Pranayama.html